Professional dental hygiene is a preventive dental treatment performed by a qualified dental hygienist or dentist.
The procedure consists of three, sometimes four, stages and lasts about 40-60 minutes.
Untreated dental tartar, accumulating on teeth and roots (under the gums), poses a significant risk to gum and periodontal health, the tissues surrounding the teeth. Tartar, a mineralised dental plaque, has a porous, uneven surface that facilitates bacterial adhesion.
Neglecting hygiene and tartar removal leads to gum and periodontal inflammation, bacteria entering the bloodstream, gum recession, progressive bone loss, and ultimately, tooth loss in severe cases.
Dental hygiene should ideally be done once a year. For patients prone to tartar buildup or with periodontal diseases (commonly known as periodontitis), hygiene frequency should be done every 3 or 6 months.
Young enamel up to about 18 years of age should be protected from air polishing. Until this age, hygiene should consist of gentle scaling, if necessary, and polishing with a brush and paste, followed by fluoride application.
The necessity of air polishing is determined by the hygienist or dentist based on individual patient needs.